logo logo
 
left
Essay d Admission Essays d Research Paper d Essay Samples d Coursework d Term Paper d Forum d FAQ d Contact  
left
 
 
 
header3 header3 header3
 
 
 
 
icon
Academic
Learning Center
alc
a3 a3
 
plagiarism
100%
testimonial
 
 

“Due to an illness, I needed a complicated 10-page custom essay done in 48 hours. I called professionalessay.com and was immediately assigned a writer who called me to discuss what I needed".

Jim O. - 10 Page Essay

 
“Horror! I needed someone to write my essay right away. I needed a 5 page essay in 8 hours! Elation! You guys did it in only 7 hours!”

Melissa M. - 5 Page Term Paper
 
a3 a3
 
midle
Chicago Format

      

      

DEFINITION: This formatting style consists of two separate documentation systems, notes and bibliography (called the “NB” system) used in the humanities field and author-date, preferred by the sciences. A writer’s choice between the two depends on the topical matter and the nature of the sources cited; each of the systems is preferred by different groups of scholars. The humanities style is preferred by many in the history, literature and arts. Bibliographic information is presented in notes and often in an actual bibliography. It is capable of supporting a number of sources, including those that are less prone to being included in the author-date formatting style.

The author-date system is more concise and generally used in the physical, natural, and social sciences disciplines. Sources here are parenthetically cited in the text using the author’s last name and publication date. The citations are expanded in a list of references, where full bibliographic information is provided.

PHYSICAL SET-UP:
Use 8½” x 11.0” paper with a 1.0” margin on all sides (top, bottom, left and right). The paper is separated into three parts: (1) the front (title page, copyright page, dedication and/or epigraph, table of contents, illustrations, tables, abstract, acknowledgments, etc.); (2) the body including the text; and (3) the reference materials (appendixes, endnotes, bibliography or references, glossary, index, etc.). Text should be double-spaced but indented block quotes are single-spaced. Bibliographies, footnotes, and itemized lists should also be single spaced.

FOOTNOTES/END NOTES:
If using the NB system, include a footnote or endnote each time a direct or a paraphrased quote is used as a source. At the end of a page footnotes will be added where the source is referenced, and either at the end of each chapter or the whole essay endnotes will be compiled. A footnote or endnote begins with the appropriate number followed by a period and then a space. The author/date system, prevalent in the natural and social science disciplines, inserts a reference to a different work within a set of parentheses. These contain the author, the date of publication and page reference, if appropriate.

A source is linked to a bibliographic reference with a superscript number. It is placed in the body of the essay following the end of the sentence in which the source is referenced. The initial reference of a source includes all relevant information; subsequently citing the same source requires only the author’s last name, shortened title of the work cited and appropriate page number or numbers.

This is how an in-text citation would appear in Chicago style:

The manufacturer recommends that the throttle gear is firmly secured against the wheel to prevent slippage when the motor is engaged.5
The footnote for the above in-text citation would appear below a line at the bottom of the same page:
___________________

5 Bill Emerson, Engine Maintenance, (Duluth: Pembroke, Derby and Fenwick, 1999),56.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Since two formatting systems are used in Chicago style, the following code explains how they are referenced below:

N = Note
B = Bibliography entry
I = In-text Citation
R = Reference list entry

Some of the bibliographic formats for the more common reference materials are shown below:

Book

Real Example


N: 4. Kevin Delavan, Lassos and Rope Tricks, (Carson City: Wild Bill Publications, 2005), 78.
B: Delavan, Kevin, Lassos and Rope Tricks, Caron City: Wild Bill Publications, 2005.
I: (Delavan, 2005, 78)
R: Delavan, Kevin, 2005, Lassos and Rope Tricks, Caron City: Wild Bill Publications.

Journal

Real example


N: 9. James Murphy, “Crimes,” Police Work, 101 (2004): 45.
B: Murphy, James, “Crimes,” Police Work, 101 (2004): 45.
I: (Murphy 2004, 45)
R: Murphy, James, 2004, Police Work, 101 (2004): 45.

Web Site

Real Example

N: 2. Smith Dairies, “Milk Products,” Smith and Family Dairy Products, http://www.cowsforever.org/milk/memphis/10045/html
B: Smith Dairies, “Milk Products,” Smith and Family Dairy Products, http://www.cowsforever.org/milk/memphis/10045/html (accessed December 31, 2009).
I: (Smith Dairies)
R: Smith Dairies, Milk Products, Smith and Family Dairy Products, http://www.cowsforever.org/milk/memphis/10045/html

 

 

 

 

 
save money

 

 
midle
 
alc Our Custom
Essay Writing Services
alc
custom services
on
Join Our Community
100%
alc writing alc
a3 a3
 
 
left Essay   l   Admission Essays   l   Research Paper   l   Essay Samples   l   Coursework   l   Term Paper   l   Forum   l   FAQ   l   Articles   l   Sitemap   l   Contact left
 
copyrights
Professionalessay.com is the leading and most accurate essay writing / tutoring company in the United States. Providing students with research paper, dissertation and essay writing help. Our academic learning centers are known across the U.S. All our writers are American and trained in the fine arts of academia. From PHD level to undergraduate level we can help grow your academic abilities beyond imagination. Looking for a tutor near you? Preview our tutoring directory.