logo logo
Essay d Admission Essays d Research Paper d Essay Samples d Coursework d Term Paper d Forum d FAQ d Contact  
header3 header3 header3
Learning Center
a3 a3

“Due to an illness, I needed a complicated 10-page custom essay done in 48 hours. I called professionalessay.com and was immediately assigned a writer who called me to discuss what I needed".

Jim O. - 10 Page Essay

“Horror! I needed someone to write my essay right away. I needed a 5 page essay in 8 hours! Elation! You guys did it in only 7 hours!”

Melissa M. - 5 Page Term Paper
a3 a3
Vancouver Format


DEFINITION: This format is called ”Vancouver” because it originated at a meeting of medical journal editors in Vancouver (British Columbia) in 1978. It is primarily used in the medical, pharmaceutical and biomedical disciplines. It encompasses in-text citations using numbers in brackets to cite references.

References cited are in consecutive numerical order as they appear in the text. Proper citation includes noting the author and title of book or article as the first elements listed. Basically, a citation is given consisting of either a number in brackets or parentheses. These are subsequently identified in numerical order at the end of the essay in a reference list.

PHYSICAL SET-UP: Make sure you use 8½” x 11.0” paper with a 1.0” margin on all sides (top, bottom, left and right); double space all lines unless instructed differently.

when preparing an essays in Vancouver format (or any other style), take appropriate notes in case you need to refer to them later; proper citations can alleviate any accusation of plagiarism; using citations to substantiate a position taken can show an understanding of the material; citations in the body of an essay must be fully acknowledged.

The Vancouver System assigns a number to each reference as it is cited. A number must be used even if the author(s) is named in the sentence/text.

Example (brackets)-

One source (1) noted a majority of wrestlers were former college athletes.

Example (superscript)-

A preponderance of participants, according to Harriet Blackthorn2 ran out the doors as the gunman approached the teller station.


REFERENCE LIST: Samples of the major sources that may be used in an essay written in Vancouver style in a reference list are covered. The first two will refer to the in-text citations noted above.


Citation number. Author, Title, Edition (but only if not first edition), Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.

Real example-

  1. Hogan, H. Wrestling Mania. Philadelphia: Franklin & Sons, 1993.


Citation number. Author, Title of article, Title of journal/magazine, Year of publication, Volume, Issue, page (p. for single; pp. for multiple pages).

Real example-

  1. Blackthorn, H. Robbery at Cleveland Trust. Banking Industry. 2006, 3, 4, pp. 16-19.

(Web Site)

Author, Title, [Online], Available from: (complete url address), [Date of Internet Access]

Real example-

Witherspoon, L. Approaching Eternity. [Online]. Available from: http://www.heavenlyorb.org/solar/identity/htmll



save money


alc Our Custom
Writing Services
custom services
Join Our Community
alc writing alc
a3 a3
left Essay   l   Admission Essays   l   Research Paper   l   Essay Samples   l   Coursework   l   Term Paper   l   Forum   l   FAQ   l   Articles   l   Sitemap   l   Contact left
Professionalessay.com is the leading and most accurate essay writing / tutoring company in the United States. Providing students with research paper, dissertation and essay writing help. Our academic learning centers are known across the U.S. All our writers are American and trained in the fine arts of academia. From PHD level to undergraduate level we can help grow your academic abilities beyond imagination. Looking for a tutor near you? Preview our tutoring directory.